Good morning and happy Monday. This week (and those that follow) are looking to be very busy for me (yay Christmas and the end of the year!), and I hope yours are a little more relaxed. For the words of the day, Wordsmith has chosen five words this week that seem to be “truncated forms of some everyday words” (we’re talking unabridged dictionary words). So I’ll stop with the parenthetical expressions and get to them.

jaculate (JAK-yuh-layt)

verb transitive: to emit or hurl

From Latin jaculare (to dart), from jaculum (dart, javelin), from jacere (to throw). Earliest documented use: 1623

Usage (from Wordsmith)
“She pushed past him again, her wounds still jaculating blood, and this time managed to get out of the room.”
Christina Vella; Intimate Enemies; LSU Press; 2004.

cognize (KOG-nyz)

verb transitive: to perceive; to understand; to know

Back-formation from cognizance, via French from Latin cognoscere (to learn). Ultimately from the Indo-European root gno- (to know), which is also the source of know, recognize, acquaint, ignore, diagnosis, notice, normal, anagnorisis (the moment of recognition or discovery), and prosopagnosia (inability to recognize faces).
Earliest documented use: 1659

Usage (from Wordsmith)
“So imperceptible is it that it cannot be cognized.”
Alina Grigorovitch; Magic Artinia; New to the Public; 2011.

plaint (playnt)

noun: 1. complaint 2. protest 3. lamentation

From from Old French plainte (complaint, cry), from Latin planctus (lamentation), from plangere (to beat one’s breast). Ultimately from the Indo-European root plak- (to strike), which also gave us plaintiff, plague, plankton, fling, complain, apoplectic and plangent. Earliest documented use: 1225

Usage (from Wordsmith)
“That’s how it works in this era of Internet preening, out-of-control partisanship and press-a-button punditry, when anything and everything becomes prompt for a plaint, a rant, a riff.”
Frank Bruni; The Exploitation of Paris; The New York Times; Nov 14, 2015.

suage (swaz)

verb transitive: to assuage; to make something unpleasant less severe

From Latin suavis (sweet). Ultimately from the Indo-European root swad- (sweet, pleasant), which also gave us sweet, suave, hedonism, persuade, and Hindi swad (taste). Earliest documented use: 1400

Usage (from Wordsmith)
“London Mayor Boris Johnson, who addressed the 2009 dinner, told the financiers: ‘If you have a sense of guilt and obligation and you want to suage the guilt, give.’”
Louise Armitstead; Arki Reveals Killer Instinct for Annual Ball; The Daily Telegraph (London, UK); May 12, 2010.

gratulate (GRACH-uh-layt)

verb transitive: 1. to congratulate
2. to express joy at the sight of something or someone

From Latin gratulari (to congratulate), from con- (with) + gratulari (to show joy), from gratus (pleasing). Earliest documented use: 1567

Usage (from Wordsmith)
“Dr. Israel’s truncated declarations of how proud he was of his accomplishments came across as bland, self-gratulating and unfeeling.”
Walter Goodman; A Few Scary Pictures Can Go a Long Way; The New York Times; Mar 20, 1994.

“The wine flowed freely and after an hour I began to feel good and silently gratulated myself on the good fortune of missing out on each and every item that I had no absolutely  no use for.”
Ben Wicks; A Boyhood Idol Next Door Better Than Boots in the Closet; Toronto Star (Canada); May 28, 1988.

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