Good morning – I have forgotten my planner and breakfast at home so it must be a Monday.

This week, I’m starting a new version of my Word of the Day weekly posts which will include words I have learned from reading and elsewhere. The following words are all from Villette, which was part of my May Reading Challenge. I’m garnering the pronunciations and etymologies from Google, as they have much more updated language than either of the dictionaries I have. Enjoy, and have a great week!

doff (dof)

verb: remove an item of clothing; take off or raise (one’s hat) as a greeting or to show respect

From Middle English “do off.” Earliest documented use: 1573

When their elder entered the room the young adults doffed as they stood up.

peremptory (puh-remp-tuh-ree)

adjective: 1. insisting on immediate attention or obedience, especially in a brusquely imperious way
2. in law, not open to appeal or challenge; final

Late Middle English (as a legal term): via Anglo-Norman French from Latin peremptorius‘deadly, decisive,’ from perempt- ‘destroyed, cut off,’ from the verb perimere, from per-‘completely’ + emere ‘take, buy.’ Earliest documented use: 1555

“Why hasn’t this been done?!” His peremptory tone filled the room with dread.

vagary (vey-guh-ree)

noun: an unexpected and inexplicable change in a situation or in someone’s behavior

Late 16th century (also as a verb in the sense ‘roam’): from Latin vagari ‘wander.’ Earliest documented use: 1565

The constant vagaries of a friend made it difficult to make and keep plans.

pusillanimous (pyoo-suh-lan-uh-muh s)

adjective: showing a lack of courage or determination; timid

Late Middle English: from ecclesiastical Latin pusillanimis (translating Greek olugopsukhos ), frompusillus ‘very small’ + animus ‘mind,’ + -ous. Earliest documented use: 1580

Instead of coming off as confident, her pusillanimity came through in her uncomfortable facial features.

philoprogenitive (filo-pro-jen-i-tiv)

adjective: having many offspring

From Greek philos: loving; Middle English from Latin prōgenitor: the founder of a family. Seepro-1, genitorEarliest documented use: 1860

The philoprogenitive couple were asking family members for secondhand gifts to alleviate expenses.

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