Good morning – I have forgotten my planner and breakfast at home so it must be a Monday.

This week, I’m starting a new version of my Word of the Day weekly posts which will include words I have learned from reading and elsewhere. The following words are all from Villette, which was part of my May Reading Challenge. I’m garnering the pronunciations and etymologies from Google, as they have much more updated language than either of the dictionaries I have. Enjoy, and have a great week!

doff (dof)

verb: remove an item of clothing; take off or raise (one’s hat) as a greeting or to show respect

Etymology
From Middle English “do off.” Earliest documented use: 1573

Usage
When their elder entered the room the young adults doffed as they stood up.


peremptory (puh-remp-tuh-ree)

adjective: 1. insisting on immediate attention or obedience, especially in a brusquely imperious way
2. in law, not open to appeal or challenge; final

Etymology
Late Middle English (as a legal term): via Anglo-Norman French from Latin peremptorius‘deadly, decisive,’ from perempt- ‘destroyed, cut off,’ from the verb perimere, from per-‘completely’ + emere ‘take, buy.’ Earliest documented use: 1555

Usage
“Why hasn’t this been done?!” His peremptory tone filled the room with dread.


vagary (vey-guh-ree)

noun: an unexpected and inexplicable change in a situation or in someone’s behavior

Etymology
Late 16th century (also as a verb in the sense ‘roam’): from Latin vagari ‘wander.’ Earliest documented use: 1565

Usage
The constant vagaries of a friend made it difficult to make and keep plans.


pusillanimous (pyoo-suh-lan-uh-muh s)

adjective: showing a lack of courage or determination; timid

Etymology
Late Middle English: from ecclesiastical Latin pusillanimis (translating Greek olugopsukhos ), frompusillus ‘very small’ + animus ‘mind,’ + -ous. Earliest documented use: 1580

Usage
Instead of coming off as confident, her pusillanimity came through in her uncomfortable facial features.


philoprogenitive (filo-pro-jen-i-tiv)

adjective: having many offspring

Etymology
From Greek philos: loving; Middle English from Latin prōgenitor: the founder of a family. Seepro-1, genitorEarliest documented use: 1860

Usage
The philoprogenitive couple were asking family members for secondhand gifts to alleviate expenses.

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